Subject နဲ႔ verb ကုိက္ညီမႈရွိတယ္ဆုိတာ subject က singular ျဖစ္ရင္ verb က singular ၊ subject က plural ျဖစ္ေနရင္ verb က plural ျဖစ္ေနတာကုိဆုိလုိတယ္။

  • She livesin Canada.
  • Most people livein Asia than any other countries.
  • Many leading membersof the opposition party have critisedthe delay.
  • The only excusethat he gave for his actions wasthat he was tired.


Subject ဟာ verb ေနာက္မွာရွိရင္လည္း subject နဲ႔ verb ကုိက္ညီမႈရွိဖုိ႔လုိတယ္။

  • Among the people invited was the mayor.
  • Display on the board were the exam results.


Subject က clause တစ္ခုျဖစ္ေနတဲ့အခါ singular verb ကုိသုံးတယ္။

  • To keep these young people in prison is inhuman.
  • Having overall responsibility for the course meansthat I have a lot of meetings.
  • Whoever took them remainsa mystery.
  • That Rangers won both matches wasa great achievement.


What-clause ကုိ subject အျဖစ္သုံးတဲ့အခါ ေနာက္ကလုိက္တဲ့ main noun ဟာ singular

ျဖစ္ေနရင္ verb ကုိ singular သုံးၿပီး main noun ဟာ plural ျဖစ္ရင္ plural verb ကုိသုံးတယ္။ သုိ႔ေသာ္    colloquial မွာ main noun က plural ျဖစ္ေပမဲ့ verb ကုိ singular သုံးတတ္တယ္။

  • What worries us isthe poor selection process.
  • What is needed areadditional resources. (or more coloquially...needed is...)


Collective noun ေတြဟာ singular form ရွိၿပီး verb ကုိလည္း singular/plural ႏွစ္
မ်ဳိးလုံးလုိက္ႏူိင္တယ္။

  • The council has (have)postponed a deicision on the new road.

*ဆုိလုိတဲ့ အဓိပၸါယ္က အုပ္စုတစ္စု၊ အဖြဲ႕စည္းတစ္ခုျဖစ္ရင္ singular verb ကုိသုံးေလ့ရွိၿပီး၊ အဲဒီ အုပ္စု၊ အဖြဲ႕ထဲကတစ္ေယာက္ခ်င္း၊ တစ္ခုခ်င္းနဲ႔ သက္ဆုိင္ေနရင္ေတာ့ plural verb ကုိသုံးတယ္။ Formal context မွာ singular verb ကုိ ဦးစားေပးသုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။ ဒါေပမဲ့ တစ္ခါတစ္ရံမွာ အစုတစ္ခုလုံး တစ္ေပါင္းတည္းကုိ မဆုိလုိဘဲ     အစုဝင္တစ္ခု ခ်င္းစီ၊ တစ္ေယာက္ခ်င္းစီကုိ ဆုိလုိတဲ့အခါ plural verb ကုိ သုံးဖို႔လိုအပ္တယ္။

  • The committeusually raise their hands    to    vote    “Yes”.
    (မဲဆႏၵက ေကာ္မတီတစ္ဖြဲ႕လုံး ေပးတာမဟုတ္ဘဲ အဖြဲ႕ဝင္တစ္ေယာက္ခ်င္း    အမ်ားက    ေပးတာမို႔

plural verb/ plural pronoun ကုိသုံးဖုိ႔လုိတယ္။)

•    အစုလုိက္တစ္ေပါင္းတည္းကုိ    ဆုိလုိရင္ေတာ့    singular    verb    ကုိသုံးတယ္။
The school isto close next year.
•    -s    နဲ႔    ဆုံးတဲ့    countries,    newspapers,    book    titles,    films    မ်ားရဲ႕အမည္ေတြ    နဲ႔        quoted
plural    words    or    phrases    ေတြကုိ    ကုိသုံးတဲ့အခါ    တစ္ခုတည္းကုိသာ    ရည္ညႊန္းေနရင္    singular
verb    ကုိသာသုံးတယ္။
At this time of the year the Netherlands isone hour ahead of the UK.
The Los Angeles Times lists    Derek    Jones    as    the    fifth    richest    man    in    the    world.
The Machine Gunners was one of Robert Westall’s most successful books.
“Daps” isthe word used in the south west of the country for sports shoes.
agreement between subject and verb(2)
• Any of, each of, either of, neither of, none of + plural nouns/pronouns        ပုံစံသုံးတဲ့အခါ
singular    or    plural    verb    ကုိသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။    သုိ႔ေသာ္    more    careful    written    English    မွာေတာ့    
singular    verb    ကုိသာ    သုံးတယ္။
I don’t know any of them knows (know)where the money is hidden.
Neither of French athletes has (have)won this year.
• a/the majority of, a number of, a lot of, plenty of, all (of), some (of) + plural noun/pronoun
ပုံစံသုံးတဲ့အခါ    plural    verb    သုံးတယ္။    သုိ႔ေသာ္    the number of    ကုိသုံးရင္ေတာ့         singular verb
ကုိသုံးတယ္။
A number of refugees havebeen turned back at the border.
The number of books in the library has    risen    to    over    five    million.
•    One        of    +    plural    noun/pronoun    ေနာက္မွာ    singular verb လုိက္တယ္။
one    of    +    plural    noun/pronoun    +    who    ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာေတာ့    plural verb    လုိက္တယ္။
ဒီေနရာမွာ    အခ်ဳိ႕က    singular    verb    ကုိသုံးၾကတယ္။    ဒီလုိသုံးတာဟာ    grammatically    
အားျဖင့္မွားတယ္။
One of the reasons I took the jobwasthat I could work from home.
     He’s    one of those teachers who insist (insists)on pupils sitting silently in class.
•    any    of,    none    of,    the    majority    of,    a    lot    of,    plenty    of,    all    (of),    some    (of)    +    uncountable
noun    ပုံစံကုိသုံးရင္ေတာ့    singular    verb    လုိက္တယ္။
All the furniture was    destroyed    in    the    fire.
None of the equipment appearsto be damaged.

•    Every/each    +    singular    noun    or    co-ordinated    noun    (x    and    y)    ပုံစံ    ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာ
singular verb    လုိက္တယ္။
Every room looksover the harbour.
Every boy and girl takes partin the activity.
Each childhas drawna picture.
(but... The children have eachdrawn the picture.)
•    Everyone,    everybody,    everything,    (အလားတူ    any-,    some-,    none-    အပါအဝင္)        
စကားလုံးမ်ားရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာ    singular    verb    လုိက္တယ္။
Practically everyone thinksthat Phil should be given the job.
•    ႏွစ္ခု၊    ႏွစ္ေယာက္ထက္မ်ားတာကုိ    and    နဲ႔ဆက္ထားရင္    သူ႕ေနာက္မွာ    plural verb    လုိက္တယ္။
Jean and David aremoving back to Australia.
•    သုိ႔ေသာ္    and    နဲ႔ဆက္ထားတဲ့    အရာႏွစ္ခုကုိ    ႏွစ္ခုေပါင္း    တစ္ခုအျဖစ္    ယူဆရင္ေတာ့    singular
verb    လုိက္ေလ့ရွိတယ္။
Meat pie and peas isTom’s favourite at the moment. (...are...)
The lorry, its cargo and passengers weighsaround 35 tonnes. (or...weighs...)
•    singular    subject    ႏွစ္ခုကုိ    either    ...or,    neither...nor,    not    only...but    also    နဲ႔    ဆက္ထားရင္
singular    verb    ကုိသုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။
*သုိ႔ေသာ္    subject        တစ္ခုက    plural        ျဖစ္ေနရင္     သူ႕ကုိ    verb    နဲ႔ကပ္ထားၿပီး        plural    verb        
ကုိသုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။
Either the station or the cinema isa good place to meet.
     (informal        English    မွာ    ...are...    plural    verb    ကုိဒီေနရာမွာ    သုံးတတ္တယ္)
The President or his representatives areto attend the meeting.
•    အကယ္၍    singular    subject    ကုိ    ေနာက္မွာထားခဲ့ရင္    singular    or    plural    verb    ကုိသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။
အမ်ားအားျဖင့္ေတာ့    singular    verb    ကုိသာ    သုံးတတ္တယ္။
Either the teachers of the principal isto blame for the accident.
(or... are to blame...)

•    There    be/have    ပုံစံကိုသုံးတဲ့အခါ    ေနာက္က    လုိက္တဲ့    noun    ဟာ    singular    ျဖစ္ရင္     singular    
verb    ကုိသုံးၿပီး၊    plural    noun    ျဖစ္ရင္     plural    verb    ကုိသုံးတယ္။    informal    speech    မွာေတာ့
singular/plural    noun    ႏွစ္ခုစလုံးအတြက္    contraction    ပုံစံ    There’s    ကုိသုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။
Over the last few years there have been many improvementsin car safety.
There’s been lots of good filmson lately. (or... There’ve been...)
•    how,    here,    where    +    be/have    ကုိလည္း    အလားတူ    သုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။
How’s your mum and dadthese days? (or...How are...?)
agreement between subject and verb(3)
•    အခ်ဳိ႕    noun    ေတြဟာ    plural    form    ရွိၿပီး    အၿမဲ    plural    verb    လုိက္ေလ့ရွိတယ္။    အဲဒီ        noun    
ေတြကေတာ့        belongings,    clothes,    congratulations,    earnings,    goods,    outskrits,                                                
overheads,  particulars  (infromation),  premises  (building),  riches,  savings,  stairs,
surroundings,    thanks    စသည္တုိ႕ျဖစ္တယ္။    whereabouts    ကေတာ့    singular/plural    verb
ႏွစ္မ်ဳိးစလုံးနဲ႕သုံးႏူိင္တယ္။    police,    people,    staff    တုိ႔ကေတာ့    အၿမဲ    plural    verb    လုိက္တယ္။
     The    company’s    earnings    have    increased    for    the    last    five    years.
Police believed that Thomas is in Brazil, although his exact
whereabouts are/isunknown.
Staff saythat the new computer system has led to greater
levels of stress in their work.
•    အခ်ဳိ႕    noun    ေတြဟာ    အၿမဲ    -s    နဲ႔    အဆုံးသတ္ၿပီး    plural    ပုံစံရွိေပမဲ့    singular    verb    လုိက္တယ္။
The newsfrom the Middle East seemsencouraging.
အလားတူ    noun    ေတြကေတာ့    means    (method    or    money)    ;    ဘာသာရပ္    အမည္ေတြ                                                    
econimics, linguistics, mathematics, phonetics, physics, politics, statictics;
အားကစားအမည္ေတြ    athletics,    gymnatics;    ေရာဂါအမည္ေတြ    diabetes,    measles,    rabies
စသည္တုိ႔ျဖစ္ၾကပါတယ္။    သုိ႔ေသာ္    ဘာသာရပ္အခ်ဳိ႕ရဲ႕    အမည္ေတြကုိ    အျခားအဓိပၸါယ္နဲ႔သုံးတဲ့    
အခါမွာ    plural    verb    လုိက္တတ္ပါတယ္။    ေအာက္မွာ    ႏူိင္းယွဥ္ၾကည့္ပါ။
Politics ispopular in this university. (academic subject)
His politics arebodering on the fascist. (political belief)
Statistics wasalways my worst subject. (academic subject)
Statistics areable to prove anything you want them to. (numerical information)
Economicshas    only    recently    been    recognised    as    scientific    study.
(academic subject)
The econimicsbehind their policiesareunreasonable. (financial system)

•    data    နဲ႔    media    ဟာအမ်ားကိန္း        (sing. datum and medium)        ျဖစ္ၾကေပမဲ့         singular verb
လုိက္ေလ့ရွိတယ္။        သုိ႔ေသာ္    academic    writing    မွာေတာ့    သူတုိ႔ေနာက္မွာ            plural verb
ကုိသုံးတယ္။        criteria    နဲ႔    phenomena    တုိ႔ဟာ    plural    noun    ေတြျဖစ္ၿပီး
(sing. criterion and phenomenon)    သူတုိ႔ေနာက္မွာေတာ့    plural    verb    လုိက္တယ္။
All the data isavailable for public inspection. (or...are...)
I agree that the criteria arenot of equal importance.
•    အတုိင္းအတာ    measuement    ၊        ပမာဏ    amount/quantity    ကုိေဖာ္ျပတဲ့    phrase    ေတြေနာက္မွာ
ေတာ့    singular    verb    လုိ္က္ေလ့ရွိတယ္။
Only three metresseparates    the    runners    in    first    and    second    places.
The fifty pounds he gave me wassoon spent.
Three hours seemsa long time to take on the homework.
•    per    cent    (or    percent/    %)    of    +    noun        ပုံစံမွာ    noun    ဟာ    singular    ဆုိရင္    verb    က
singular/noun    က    plural    ျဖစ္ရင္     verb    ကလည္း    plural    လုိက္တယ္။
An inflation rateof only 2 per cent makesa big difference to exports.
I would say that about 50 per cent of the houses needmajor repairs.
သုိ႔ေသာ္    အသုံးျပဳတဲ့    noun    ဟာ    collective    noun    ျဖစ္ေနရင္ေတာ့     singular/plural    verb    တစ္ခုခု
ကုိသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။

ေလ့လာသူမ်ားကံေကာင္းပါေစ.....

                                         Okkar

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