Health and Safety at work

ဒီသင္ခန္းစာမွာေတာ့ အလုပ္ခြင္က်န္းမာေရးနဲ႔ေဘးကင္းလံုျခံဳေရးအေၾကာင္းကို နာမ၀ိေသသန၊ ႀကိယာ၀ိေသသနေတြနဲ႔တြဲအသံုးျပဳပံုကိုေလ့လာၾကရပါမယ္။

Your health and safety is important to us (သင္၏က်န္းမာေရးႏွင့္ေဘးကင္းလံုၿခံဳမႈသည္ကၽြႏ္ုပ္တို႔အတြက္အေရးႀကီးပါသည္။)

Manager: I’d like to say a few words on hotel’s health and safety regulations. Now, this is a serious subject. So please listen carefully. Firstly, Fire. The hotel has regular fire drills. So find out where the assembly points are for your area. We test the alarm regularly. You must keep the fire exits free at all times. So, please check them carefully. Secondly, accidents, we must keep the hotel clean and tidy at all times as guests could trip on torn carpets or slip on dirty floor. If you see an accident, find the first aider immediately. We have several members of staff who are trained first aider. And their names are at the reception. Please read the list carefully. Thirdly, the kitchen are, many cleaning products are poisonous. So these must be marked clearly and kept away from food. When lifting heavy objects, bend your knees and don’t strain your back. And finally, when using the food slicer all staff must put the guard in place. Now, are there any questions?

ေလ့လာထားရမည့္ expression မ်ား

  • Please, listen carefully.  ေသေသခ်ာခ်ာနားေထာင္ေပးပါ။
  • You must keep the fire exits clear. မီးေဘးအႏၱရာယ္အေရးေပၚထြက္ေပါက္ေတြကိုရွင္းထားပါ။
  • If you see an accident, find a first aider immediately. မေတာ္တဆျဖစ္တာတစ္ခုခုကိုေတြ႕တာနဲ႔ ေရွးဦးသူနာျပဳတတ္သူကိုခ်က္ခ်င္းရွာပါ။
  • Please, read the list carefully. စာရင္းကိုေသေသခ်ာခ်ာဖတ္ပါ။
  • These (products) must be marked clearly.  ဒီပစၥည္းေတြကိုထင္ထင္ရွားရွားအမွတ္အသားလုပ္ထားရမယ္။

ေလ့လာထားရမည့္ေ၀ါဟာရမ်ား

  1. announcement  ေၾကညာခ်က္
  2. fire alarm  မီးသတ္
  3. knee strain (n) ဒူးမ်က္ျခင္း၊ အေၾကာတင္ျခင္း
  4. assembly  စုေ၀းသည္။
  5. point  ေနရာ။ အမွတ္အသား
  6. fire brigade မီးသတ္တပ္ဖြဲ႕
  7. poisonous   အဆိပ္အေတာက္ျဖစ္ေသာ
  8. subject  အေၾကာင္းအရာ
  9. back ေက်ာကုန္း
  10. fire drill  မီးၿငိမ္းသတ္ျခင္ႀကိဳတင္ေလ့က်င့္ခန္း၊ ဇာတ္တိုက္ျခင္း
  11. regular/ly မွန္မွန္
  12. test  စစ္ေဆးျခင္း
  13. drill ေလ့က်င့္ခန္း
  14. bend (v) ကုန္းသည္။ ေကြးသည္။ ညႊတ္သည္။
  15. fire extinguisher မီးသတ္ေဆးဘူး
  16. roll call အမည္စာရင္းတိုက္စစ္သည္။
  17. trained ေလ့က်င့္ေပးထားေသာ
  18. emergency  အေရးေပၚ
  19. food slicer အသားလႊာစက္
  20. serious အေလးအနက္ထားေသာ၊ အေရးႀကီးေသာ
  21. trip ခလုတ္တိုက္မိသည္။
  22. evacuate ေဘးအႏၱရာယ္လြတ္ရာသို႔တိမ္းေရွာင္သည္။
  23. guard  အကာအကြယ္

ေလ့လာထားရမည့္၀ါက်တည္ေဆာက္ပံုမ်ား

1. Adjectives and adverbs (နာမ၀ိေသသနႏွင့္၀ိဘတ္မ်ား)

Adjectives describe nouns; adverbs describe verbs.


Examples: 

Health and safety is a very serious subject.
(adjective)

We take health and safety very seriously. (adverb)

There are regular fire drills. (adjective)

We have fire drills regularly.(adverb)

irregular adverbs ေတြကိုေလ့လာထားရပါမယ္။

good/well, hard/hard, fast/fast, late/late

Adjectives ေတြဟာ နာမ္ (သို႔မဟုတ္) နာမ္စားကိုအထူးျပဳပါတယ္။ သူတို႔အထူးျပဳတဲ့စကားလံုးရဲ႕အေရွ႕၊ အေနာက္ႏွစ္ တစ္ေနရာရာမွာေနႏိုင္ပါတယ္။


This is a cute puppy.

This puppy is cute.

Adverbs ကေတာ့ ႀကိယာ၊ နာမ္မ၀ိေသသနနဲ႔ ၀ိဘတ္ေတြကိုအထူးျပဳပါတယ္။ စကားလံုးတစ္လံုးဟာ how, when, where စတဲ့ေမးခြန္းေတြကိုေျဖဆိုမယ္ဆိုရင္ ၀ိဘတ္လို႔သတ္မွတ္ႏိုင္ပါတယ္။


၀ိဘတ္ေတြရဲ႕အသံုးကေတာ့ နည္းနည္း႐ႈပ္ေထြးပါတယ္။ ေအာက္ပါအတုိင္းအၾကမ္းဖ်င္းမွတ္ထားႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

2. Adverb of Manner

(e.g.: slowly, carefully, awfully)


ေအာက္ပါ၀ိဘတ္ေတြကို direct object ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာထားပါတယ္။ direct object မရွိတဲ့အခါ verb ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာထားပါတယ္။

subject

verb(s)

direct object

adverb

He

drove

       the car

carefully.

He

drove

 

carefully.

3. Adverbs of Place

(e.g.: here, there, behind, above)


သူတို႔ေတြကိုလည္း direct object ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာထားပါတယ္။

subject

verb(s)

direct object

adverb

I

            didn't see

    him 

  here.

He

            stayed

 

  behind.

4. Adverbs of Time

(e.g.: recently, now, then, yesterday)


အခ်ိန္ျပ၀ိဘတ္ေတြကိုေတာ့ ၀ါက်ေနာက္ဆံုးမွာထားပါတယ္။

subject

   verb(s)  

indirect object

  direct object

time

I            

   will tell

you

   the story

   tomorrow.


အခိ်န္ကိုအေလးအနက္မထားခ်င္တဲ့အခါ ၀ါက်ေရွ႕မွာလည္းတင္ေျပာႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

time

subject

   verb(s)

   indirect object 

direct object

Tomorrow

  I   

   will tell

   you

the story.

5. Adverbs of Frequency

(e.g.: always, never, seldom, usually)


ထပ္ႀကိမ္ျပ၀ိဘတ္ေတြကိုေတာ့ main verb ရဲ႕ေရွ႕မွာ၊ အကယ္၍ main verb သည္ ‘be’ ျဖစ္မယ္၊ အကူႀကိယာ auxiliary verb မရွိဘူးဆိုရင္ ‘be’ ရဲ႕ေနာက္မွာထားပါတယ္။  အကူႀကိယာ auxiliary verb ရွိမယ္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့ ‘be’ ရဲ႕ေရွ႕မွာထားပါတယ္။

subject

auxiliary/be

adverb

main verb

object, place or time

I

 

often

go swimming

in the evenings.

He

doesn't

always

play

tennis.

We

are

usually

 

here in summer.

I

have

never

been

abroad.

 

ေလ့က်င့္ခန္း

၁။ ေအာက္ပါတို႔ကို သင့္ေတာ္ရာ adjective သို႔မဟုတ္ adverb ျဖင့္ျဖည့္ပါ။

quiet   hard   expensive     carefully

fresh   late    politely         serious

1. We serve ............ bread and rolls.

2. Please check the safety regulations ............

3. That’s a .......... .. problem.

4. I’d like a . . . . . . . . . . .. room next to the garden.

5. She’s an excellent commis chef and works . . .  . . . .

6. The Regal is a very .......... .. hotel.

7. The group from Norway arrived very . . . . . . . . . . .

8. Front desk staff must speak .......... .. to guests.


၂။ ေအာက္ပါ၀ါက်တို႔ကိုအမွားျပင္ပါ။


Please close your door quiet late at night.

Please close your door quietly late at night.


1. Room 356 would like their bill immediate.

2. The chef makes freshly bread every morning.

3. The staff work very hardly in the busy season.

4. The Coral Beach is a well hotel.

5. Bruno works very fastly in the kitchen.

6. Staff must speak polite to guests.

7. Jo was very patiently with the elderly guests.

8. He checked the guest list careful.

9. The fire alarms are tested regular.

 

၃။ ေအာက္ပါ၀ါက်တို႔ကို ျပန္ေရးပါ။

Rewrite the sentences using adverbs.


1. Stefano is a very quick worker.

    Stefano works very quickly.

2. He’s a good cook.

3. She’s a careful driver.

4. He’s a slow worker.

5. We have a regular test drill.

6. He gave a serious talk about health and safety.

7. Reception staff always give polite answers to guests.

8. The cashier asked the man for immediate payment.

 

Answers:

၁။
1. fresh, 2. carefully, 3. serious, 4. quiet, 5. hard, 6. expensive, 7. late, 8. politely


၂။
1.immediately, 2. fresh, 3. hard, 4. good, 5. fast, 6. politely, 7. patient, 8. carefully, 9. regularly


၃။
2. He cooks very well.

3. She drives carefully.

4. He works slowly.

5. We test the drill regularly.

6. He talks about health and safety seriously.

7. Reception staff always answers politely to guests.

8. The cashier asked the man to pay immediately.

 

ဇာနည္(MyWay!)

Read more:

English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 1 Taking a phone call)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 2 - Giving Information)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 3 - Taking Reservation)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 4 Taking Restaurant B...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 5 - Polite Explanatio...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 6 - Receiving Guests)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 7 Serving in the bar)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 8 - Instructions)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 9 - Taking a food order)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry(Unit 10 Desserts and Cheese)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 11 - Talking about Wine)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry(Unit 12 Dealing with request)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 13 - Describing dishes )
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 14 - Dealing with Com...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 15 - Jobs and Workpla...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 16 - Explaining and I...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 17 - Taking telephone...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry(Unit 18 Taking difficult ph...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 19 - Health and safet...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 20 Giving directions ...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 21 - Giving direction...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 22 Facilities for Business Travellers)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 23 Offering Help and ...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 24 Dealing with Probl...
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 25 Paying Bills)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 26 Payment Queries)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 27 - Applying for a Job)
English for Hotel and Catering Industry (Unit 28 - The Interview)

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Thanks a lot, sir. ^_^

ေလ့လာသင္ယူခြင့္ရလို႔ေက်းဇူးပါခင္ဗ်ာ

Many thank for your lesson and got a lot of knowledge.

Thanks a lot.

Thanks

thx xo much

Thanks, sir.   Welcoming your further lessons.

Thank you so much.

Thank Sayar

Thanks.
Thank you.

Thank you

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