Although and Though

sentence တစ္ေၾကာင္းရဲ႕ main clause အဓိပၸါယ္ကုိ ဆန္႔က်င္ဘက္အေနနဲ႔ အထူးျပဳထားတဲ့

adverbial clause တစ္ခုကို Although/Though နဲ႔ ေရးသားႏုိင္ပါတယ္။

Though ကုိ informal context မွာ အသုံးမ်ားပါတယ္။

Although/Though the sun was shinning, it wasn't very warm.

Although/Though she doesn't enjoy her job, she works hard.

She passed the exam, although/though she hadn't studied for it.

သတိထားရမွာ though ကုိ adverb တစ္လုံးအျဖစ္ clause တစ္ခုရဲ႕ အဆုံးမွာသုံးႏုိင္ေပမဲ့

although ကိုေတာ့ အလားတူ မသုံးႏုိင္ပါဘူး။

Our team lost. It was a good game though.

The room is very small. It's quite comfortable though.

I eat most dairy products. I'm not keen on yogurt, though.

Despite the fact that/In spite of the fact that...တုိ႔ကုိလည္း Although အစား clause


She was good at physics despite the fact that she found it boring.

Kelly loved her husband in spite of the fact that he drank too much.

သတိထားဖုိ႔လုိတာက Despite/In spite of ခ်ည္းသက္သက္ကုိသုံးမယ္ဆုိရင္ေတာ့

although ေနရာမွာ အစားထုိးလုိ႔မရေတာ့ပါဘူး။ ၎တုိ႔ေနာက္မွာ clause တစ္ခုမလုိက္ႏုိင္

ဘူး။ noun/v-ing form သာလွ်င္ လုိက္ႏုိင္ပါတယ္။ ဥပမာ ေလ့လာၾကည့္ပါ။

They went swimming in spite of all the danger signs.

In spite of the bad weather, we went out for a walk.

Despite being late, they didn't hungry.

Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.

Her voice was shaking despite all her efforts to control it.

Though ကုိ inversion ပုံစံတစ္မ်ဳိးနဲ႔ ထူးျခားျခားသုံးပါေသးတယ္..။ clause ေနာက္ပုိင္းက

Adjective ကုိ အထူးေပၚလြင္ေအာင္ေဖာ္ျပခ်င္တဲ့အခါမ်ဳိးမွာ ေအာက္ပါအတုိင္း သုံးတတ္ၿပီး

Though ေနရာမွာ as ကုိလည္း လဲလွယ္သုံးႏုိင္ပါတယ္။

"Adjective + Though (as) + Noun/Pronoun + Verb"  ပုံစံျဖစ္ပါတယ္။


Hot though (as) the night air was, they slept soundly.

Strange though (as) it may seem, I like housework.

Happy as they were, there was something missing.

Much as ကုိလည္း Although အဓိပၸါယ္နဲ႔ clause တစ္ခုအစ မွာသုံးႏုိင္ပါတယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္

ခံစားမႈနဲ႔ပတ္သတ္ၿပီးေျပာတဲ့အခါ ဒီလုိသုံးတတ္ပါတယ္။

Much as I enjoyed the holiday, I was glad to be home.

Even though/ Even if

even though ကုိ despite the fact that ‘‘ေသာ္လည္းဘဲ’’ အဓိပၸါယ္နဲ႔သုံးၿပီး even if ကုိေတာ့ whether or not ‘‘ဟုတ္သည္ျဖစ္ေစ၊ မဟုတ္သည္ျဖစ္ေစ’’ အဓိပၸါယ္နဲ႔ သုံးတယ္။

Even though Tom doesn’t speak Spanish,I think he should still visit Madrid.
(Despite the fact that he doesn’t speak Spanish; Tom စပိန္စကား မတတ္ဘူးဆုိ       တာကုိေျပာသူက သိတယ္)
 Even if Tom doesn’t speak Spanish,I think he should visit Madrid.
 (Whether or not he speaks Spanish; Tom စပိန္စကား တတ္တယ္၊ မတတ္ဘူးဆုိတာကုိ
 ေျပာသူက ေသခ်ာမသိဘူး)


formal context မွာ while/ whilst ကုိ although အဓိပၸါယ္နဲ႔သုံးေလ့ရွိတယ္။ ဒီလုိသုံးတဲ့အခါ while/whilst clause ဟာ main clause ေရွ႕မွာ (သုိ႔မဟုတ္) main clause ထဲမွာသာ သုံးတယ္။ main clauseေနာက္မွာေတာ့ သုံးေလ့မရွိဘူး။

While/Whilst there is no evidence that Peter cheated, we were all astonished that he passed the exam.

The diesel model of the car, while/whilst more expensive, is better value for money.

(whilst ဟာ rather literary word ျဖစ္ၿပီးအသုံးနည္းတယ္)

while/whereas ကုိ main clause ထဲကျဖစ္ရပ္နဲ႔ဆန္႔က်င္ဘက္ျဖစ္ရပ္တစ္ခုအားႏႈိင္းယွဥ္
ေျပာဆုိရာမွာလည္းသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။ ဒီလုိသုံးတဲ့အခါ while/whereas clause ကုိ main clause ရဲ႕ေရွ႕ေနာက္မွာသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။

Dave gets lots of homework from school, while/whereas Sue gets very little.

While/Whereas I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A grade.

adverbial clause ထဲက အေၾကာင္းရာဟာ main clause ထဲကအေၾကာင္းရာကုိ အံ့အား
သင့္ေစတဲ့အခါမ်ဳိးမွာ whereas ကုိမသုံးဘူး။

Although/While Sophie’s father is from Spain, she doesn’t speak Spanish.
(ဒီေနရာမွာ whereas ကုိမသုံးႏူိင္ဘူး)

Although, though, while, whilst တုိ႔ေနာက္မွာ v-ing, -ed (past participle clause) နဲ႔ subject-verb ခ်န္လွပ္ထားတဲ့ clauses မ်ားကုိသုံးႏူိင္တယ္။

Although not huge, the garden needs constant attention.
(Although it is not huge,...)

While welcoming the government’s new funding for the health service, doctors are still unhappy about working conditions. (While they welcome...)

Some writers, whilst convinced that Hemingson supported that rebels, have
questioned how involved he was in the fighting.

(Whilst they are convinced...)

အဂၤလိပ္စာေလ့လာသူမ်ား ကံေကာင္းပါေစ...

                                                                             ဥကၠာ (Mr.Thinker)

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^_^ , Thanks sir

Thanks a lot, dear sister!

Thank you :)


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