LIFE IN UK – WEEKLY ENGLISH LESSON FROM BRITISH COUNCIL

Fred, Sara and their Uncle, Michael, are buying tickets for the underground train in London.
Fred ၊ Sara နဲ႕ သူ႕တို႕ဦးေလး Michael တို႕ လန္ဒန္မွာ ေျမေအာက္ရထားစီးဖို႕အတြက္ လက္မွတ္ဝယ္ေနပါတယ္။


TUBE - ေျမေအာက္ရထား


ေအာက္တြင္ေဖာ္ျပထားေသာစကားေျပာသင္ခန္းစာ ႏွင့္ စာပိုဒ္ကို ဦးစြာဖတ္႐ႈေလ့လာပါ။ နားမလည္ေသာစကားလုံးသစ္မ်ားပါ ပါက ခက္ဆစ္က႑တြင္ၾကည့္႐ႈႏိုင္ပါသည္။ ထို႕ေနာက္ ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းမ်ားကိုေျဖဆိုၾကည့္ပါ။ အေျဖမ်ားကိုေနာက္ဆုံးတြင္ေပးထားပါသည္။


Michael: Here we are… this is the Tube station.
Michael: ကဲ ေရာက္ျပီ.. ဒါ Tube (ေျမေအာက္ရထား) ဘူတာရုံပဲ။
Fred: The Tube?
Fred: Tube ဆိုတာက?


Michael: Yes, the underground train in London is called ‘the Tube’.
Michael: ဟုတ္တယ္ေလ.. လန္ဒန္မွာေျမေအာက္ရထားကို 'the Tube' လို႕ေခၚတယ္ကြ။
Sara: That’s funny!
Sara: ရယ္ရတယ္ေနာ္!


Michael: So… we need tickets. Let’s go to the ticket booth. I don’t like these ticket machines.
Michael: ဒီေတာ့... လက္မွတ္ဝယ္ရမယ္။ လက္မွတ္ရုံကိုသြားရေအာင္။ လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းစက္ေတြဆီကဝယ္ရတာ ငါေတာ့မၾကိဳက္ဘူး။


Ticket officer: Next please!
လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းတာဝန္ခံ: ေနာက္တစ္ေယာက္ လာလို႕ရပါျပီ။
Michael: Hello. Three tickets to Oxford Circus please.
Michael: မဂၤလာပါ၊ Oxford Circus ကိုသြားဖို႕ လက္မွတ္သံုးေစာင္ေပးပါ။


Ticket officer: Single or return?
လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းတာဝန္ခံ: အသြားပဲလား? အသြား/အျပန္လက္မွတ္လား?
Michael: Single, please.
Michael: အသြားပါပဲ။


Ticket officer: That’s twelve pounds, please.
လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းတာဝန္ခံ: ၁၂ ေပါင္က်ပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်ာ။
Michael: Here you are.
Michael: ဒီမွာပါ။


Ticket officer: Thank you. Here are your tickets… and your change.
လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းတာဝန္ခံ: ေက်းဇူးပါပဲ။ ဒီမွာ ခင္ဗ်ားတို႕ရဲ့ လက္မွတ္ပါ... ဒါကေတာ့ အေႂကြအမ္းတာပါ။
Michael: Thank you.
Michael: ေက်းဇူးပဲေနာ္။


Ticket officer: Next please!
လက္မွတ္ေရာင္းတာဝန္ခံ: ေနာက္တစ္ေယာက္ လာလို႕ရပါျပီ။


ဤစကားေျပာအား နားရည္ဝသြားေစရန္ မိတ္ေဆြသူငယ္ခ်င္းမ်ားျဖင့္ေျပာဆို ေလ့က်င့္ၾကည့္ပါ။


READING EXERCISE


THE TUBE


It is 166 years ago. Charles Pearson says “Let’s dig* some tunnels under the city and run trains to help move people around.” What do you say? “That’s a good idea”? “That’s crazy”? “That won’t work”? Well, that’s what happened in London. 150 years ago engineers began planning the London Underground network, or ‘the Tube’. Today, there are 260 stations across London and 13 train lines*.

 

The good things

 

It is very easy to use the Tube. An excellent map shows how the different train lines link up* to transport you between stations. There are often musicians playing instruments or singing in the underground stations. These people are called ‘buskers’. People give them money if they like their music.

 

The bad things

 

Lots of people complain* about the Tube. They say it’s hot, dirty, crowded and expensive… and it’s true. However, 3 million people use the Tube every day. It’s not surprising* that it is dirty and crowded! The Tube is more expensive than the bus… or walking… but it is also much faster. Finally, it is difficult to travel on the Tube if you are in a wheelchair or if you have a baby in a pushchair. There are lots of stairs and escalators, and only a few lifts.

 

The future of the Tube

 

There are plans to spend billions of pounds on the Tube over the next fifteen years. There will be new trains, new train lines and new stations. The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, wants to make the Tube more accessible* and more comfortable for everyone.

 

Tube facts

 

• The total length of the train track* is over 250 miles.

• An estimated half a million mice live in the underground system.

• About 60% of the Tube system is above ground, not underground.

 

Tube facts (လန္ဒန္ ေျမေအာက္ရထား အေၾကာင္းသိေကာင္းစရာ)

- စုစုေပါင္းလမ္းအရွည္ မိုင္ ၂၅၀ ေက်ာ္သည္။
- ေျမေအာက္ရထားလမ္းေၾကာင္းတေလွ်ာက္တြင္ ႂကြက္ေကာင္ေရ တစ္သန္းခန္႕ေနထိုင္သည္ဟု ဆိုသည္။
- ေျမေအာက္ရထားဟုဆိုေသာ္လည္း ေျမေအာက္ရထားစနစ္တစ္ခုလုံး၏ ၆၀% မွာေျမေပၚတြင္သာရွိသည္။

 

Warren Street Underground station in London
Image source: N. (https://www.flickr.com/photos/cmdrfire)

Glossary (ခက္ဆစ္က႑)

ticket booth (n) - လက္မွတ္ရုံ။
to dig (v) - တူးဆြသည္၊ တူးေဖာ္သည္။
train line (n) - ရထားလမ္းေၾကာင္း။
to link up (v) - ခ်ိတ္ဆက္သည္။
to complain (v) - တိုင္တန္းသည္။ တိုင္ၾကားသည္။ ညည္းညူသည္။ မေက်မနပ္ေျပာသည္။
surprising (adj) - ထူးဆန္းအံ့ဩဘြယ္။
accessible (adj) - သြားလာရလြယ္ကူသည္။


ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းမ်ား


A. Reading comprehension (စာဖတ္သင္ခန္းစာ)
Example:
What is another name for the London Underground? The Tube

 

1. How many Tube stations are there in London?

2. Is it difficult to use the Tube?

3. What are the people playing music called?

4. How many people use the Tube every day?

5. Is it easy to travel on the Tube if you are in a wheelchair?

6. Who is Boris Johnson?


B. London Transport: comparatives (သာလြန္အဆင့္ျပ နာမဝိေသသန၊ ၾကိယာဝိေသသန )
Example:
The bus is slower than the Tube. (slow)

 

1. The bus is ______ than the Tube. (cheap)

2. Riding a bicycle is more ______ than taking the bus. (dangerous)

3. Sometimes walking is ______ than taking the Tube or a bus. (fast)

4. Taxis are more ______ than taking the Tube. (comfortable)

5. Taking the bus or the Tube is ______ than driving. (easy)

 

အေျဖမ်ား


A.

1. 260

2. No. There is an excellent map.

3. Buskers

4. 3 million

5. No

6. The Mayor of London

 

B.

1. cheaper

2. dangerous

3. faster

4. comfortable
5. easier


Other lessons in this series

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 1 - Heathrow)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 2 - Social Customs)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 3 - Money)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 4 - Houses)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 5 - Higher Education)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 6 - Tube)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 7 - Technology)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 8 - Food)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 9 - Language)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 10 - Multiculturalism)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 11 - Holiday)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 12 - Leisure Time)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 13 - Architecture)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 14 - Shopping)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 15 - The Seaside)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 16 - Family Celebrations)

LIFE IN UK (Lesson 17 - The Turner Prize)

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thanks
Thanks,l like this lesson.Next please.
It's helpful
It is very useful for me and my teaching.Thank a lot.
Great & get knowledge
Thank a lot.

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