1. account for (Formal)

Meaning: If you account for something, you explain how it came to be the way it is.

Synonym: explain

For example:

  • account for sth We accounted for last year's higher production costs by showing how the price of labour and raw materials had increased.
  • account for sth How can we account for the remarkable success of our latest product?

Nouns often used as objects with
account for: costs, expenses, delays, behaviour, failure, success

2. act as

Meaning: to perform the same function as a particular person or thing

Synonym: serve as

For example:

  • act as sth I can't make it to the meeting Bob, so would mind acting as chairman today?
  • act as sth The kidneys act as filters to keep the blood clean.


3. act for

Meaning: If you act for someone, you represent them.

Synonym: represent

For example:

  • act for sb If you don't have a lawyer, the state will appoint one to act for you.
  • act for sb In a democracy, the people elect representatives to act for them in parliament.


4. act on

Meaning: If you act on somebody's advice, you do as they suggest.

For example:

  • act on sth I really should act on my doctor's advice and try to eat less and exercise more.
  • act on sth He acted on the instructions of his lawyer and refused to answer any questions.

Nouns often used as objects with
act on: advice, suggestions, instructions, information, orders


5. act out

Meaning: If you act out, you express your feelings through acts or words.

Synonym: express

For example:

  • act out sth Jim often gets into trouble because he acts out his emotions without thinking about the consequences.
  • act sth out We can all have violent thoughts and aggressive feelings sometimes, but society doesn't usually allow us to act them out.


6. act up (Informal)

Meaning: If a part of your body or a piece of equipment acts up, it doesn't work properly.

Synonym: play up, malfunction

For example:

  • act up My printer is acting up, so I'll have to get it fixed.
  • act up I'll have to give the tennis a miss this week. My knee is acting up again.

Nouns often used as subjects with
act up: computer, printer, phone, air conditioner, knee, wrist, ankle, stomach


7. add to

Meaning: If something adds to something, it makes it better, greater, stronger or more extreme in some way.

For example:

  • add to sth During the riot, the sound of wailing sirens only added to the sense of chaos and confusion.
  • add sth to sth The light show added a lot of atmosphere to the concert.


8. add up

Meaning: to add two or more numbers in order to find the total amount

Synonym: tot up (informal)

For example:

  • add up Fran has a good head for figures. She can add up really quickly, and she always gets the answer right.
  • add up sth Could you add up these amounts and let me know the total?
  • add sth up After he jotted down the cost of each dish, he added them up and found the total cost of the meal.

Nouns often used as objects with
add up: numbers, figures, amounts, prices, costs


9. add up to

Meaning: If two or more numbers add up to another number, this is the total you get if you add them together.

Synonym: total, come to

For example:

  • add up to sth What do 19 and 17 add up to? Do they add up to 36, or is it 46?
  • add up to sth Here are the bills we have to pay this week. They add up to over five hundred dollars!


10. adhere to (Formal) 

Meaning: If you adhere to a law, a rule or a contract, you obey it or follow it.

Synonym: abide by

For example:

  • adhere to Doctors are expected to adhere to the Hippocratic oath.
  • adhere to You can't trust that company. They don't adhere to the terms of the contracts they sign.

Nouns often used as objects with
adhere to: laws, rules, regulations, terms, agreement, contract, constitution


Reference: http://www.englishclub.com


Views: 496

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

very useful post. thankss :)


Featured Discussions

© 2019   Created by Myanmar Network.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service