Peter Watcyn - Jones ထုတ္ေဝျဖန္႕ခ်ီေသာ Fun Class Activities စာအုပ္မွ " Plurals " ႏွင့္ပက္သက္၍ foreign language learners မ်ားအတြက္ English Language Learning တြင္ အခက္အခဲျဖစ္ရပုံကို သာဓကတခု အေနျဖင့္ တင္ျပထားပါသည္။

တင္ျပထားပံုမွာ ဟာသေႏွာထားသည့္ " Plurals " နာမ္မ်ားကို အမ်ားကိန္းသို႕ ေျပာင္းရာတြင္ ပုံေသမဟုတ္သည့္ သေဘာမွာ မွတ္သားဖြယ္ရာေကာင္းလွပါသည္။ ဤေပးထားေသာ ေလ့က်င့္ခန္းပါ ကြက္လပ္ ၁၂ခု တြင္ Plurals ၁၂လုံးကို ျဖည့္စြက္ေျဖၾကားျခင္းအားျဖင့္ " general rule " ႏွင့္ " exception to the rule " ရွိေၾကာင္းကို ဝါက်တခုစီ နားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ေအာင္ ဖတ္႐ႈေလ့လာ၍ စိတ္အပန္းေျဖႏိုင္ၾကပါေစ။

In the following poem, some plural forms have been left out. See if you can put them in again. To help you, the singular form is marked in italics.

Why English is so hard to learn

We'll begin with a box, and the plural is (1) _________ ;
But the plural of ox should be (2) __________ , not oxes.
The one fowl is goose, but two are (3) _________ ;
Yet the plural of moose should never be meese.
You may find alone mouse or a whole lot of (4) ________ ,
But the plural of house is (5) __________ , not hise.
If the plural of man is always called (6) _________ ,
Why shouldn't the plural of pan be called pen?
The cow in the plural may be (7) __________ or kine.
But the plural of vow is (8) ___________ , not vine.
And I speak of a foot, and you show me your (9) __________ .
But I give you a boot - which a pair be called beet?
If one is a tooth and a whole set are (10) ___________ ,
Why shouldn't the plural of booth be called beeth?
If the singular is this, and the plural is (11) __________ ,
Should the plural of kiss be nicknamed kese?
Then one may be that, and three may be (12) _________ ,
Yet the pural of hat would never be hose.
We speak of a brotherm and also of brethren,
But though we say mother, we never say methren.
The masculine pronouns are he, his and him,
Just imagine the feminine she,shis and shim!
So our English, I think you will all agree,
Is the trickiest language you ever did see.


Anwer Key

1. boxes
2. oxen
3. geese
4. mice
5. houses
6. men
7. cows
8. vows
9. feet
10. teeth
11. these
12. those


Daw Tin Nwai Win
Retired Lecturer (English Department, Yangon University) Diploma in Teaching of English Overseas (Leeds University), M.A (T.E.F.L) Y.I.O.E

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