Primary  English :        { 20 }   Grammar   &  Poem  for   Kids

        ကေလးမ်ားအတြက္   ကဗ်ာ နွင့္ သဒၵါ စာစဥ္မ်ား

Direct & Indirect Speech    (Question )    ( ေမးခြန္း၀ါက်  ကဗ်ာ )

Reported   Speech   ကေမးခြန္းသေဘာ ၊             နားလည္ေအာင္ေတာ့ ေၿပာမယ္ေနာ၊

အကူသေဘာ  am,  is , are  ,                            was , were ေလးလည္းပါ၊

can ပါ  , shall ပါ    will ပါအထူး၊                         verb to do  လည္း မွတ္ပါဦး၊

Do , Does , Did နဲ႔   Am , Is , Are                     If သံုးရမယ္ကြာ ၊

was  , were   ေလးနဲ႕   can,  will ,  shall             If  သံုးရမယ္ကြယ္ ၊

or not    ပါတယ္ဆိုပါေတာ့၊                                whether   သံုးလိုက္ေပါ့၊

ေမးခြန္းစကားေတာ့မွတ္ထားကြဲ႕၊                           Wh  နဲ႕ စသတဲ့၊

Who နဲ႕  What နဲ႕  When နဲ႔ေမး ၊                        Who,  What ,   When  ၿပန္ေရး၊

 Where  နဲ႕  How နဲ႕ ေမးခြန္းေမး၊                         Where နဲ႕ How ၿပန္ေမး၊

 Do ေလး  Does ေလး   Did  ေလးပါ၊                     ၿဖဳတ္ပစ္ရမယ္ကြာ ၊

ၿဖဳတ္ပစ္ ဖို႔ရာမေမ့နဲ႔ ၊                                         Tense   ေၿပာင္းလိုက္ဖို႔ လိုပါ ရဲ႕ ၊

Time & Place ကိုသတိထား ၊                              အဲဒါ စည္းကမ္းဗ်ား ။

         

Direct & Indirect Speech    (Question )   ( ေမးခြန္း၀ါက် )

ဥပေဒ.           1.       said  နွင့္  said to ကို  asked ေၿပာင္းပါ၊

                   2.       said  နွင့္  said to ကို wanted to know  ေၿပာင္းပါ၊

1.       Helping Verb (am, is, are, was, were, will, shall, can) တို႔ၿဖင့္ ေမးထားလွ်င္၊ ၄င္းစာလံုးတို႔ကို မၿဖဳတ္ရပါ ၊ Tense ကိုသာေၿပာင္းရမည္၊

2.       Helping Verb (Do, Does, Did)တုိ႔ၿဖင့္ ေမးထားလွ်င္ ၄င္းစာလံုးတို႔ိကုိ  ၿဖဳတ္ပစ္ရပါမည္၊

          Do, Does တုိ႔ၿဖင့္ ေမးလွ်င္ Past Tense( V2)  ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊

          Did   ၿဖင့္ ေမးလွ်င္  Past Perfect Tense ( had V3) ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊

3.       Question  Word  ( Who, What , When , Where,  How ----)တို႔ ၿဖင့္ ေမးထားလွ်င္ ၄င္း Question Word စာလံုးကိုၿပန္သံုးပါမည္၊

4.       ေမးခြန္း ၀ါက် ကိ ုရိုးရိုး ၀ါက် ၿပန္ေၿပာင္းေရး၊  ( Sub+ Verb...+ )

5.       Wh နွင့္ေမးလွ်င္ Wh  ၿပန္သံုးၿပီး ၊ Helping Verb မ်ားနွင့္ ေမးလွ်င္  if  / whether သံုးရမည္။

 

Eg /1. The teacher said to us ,  " Do you understand my explanation ?"

          The teacher asked us if we understood  his explanation .

         

Eg/2.  "Do you like mangoes, Ko Soe?" said Than Than.

          Than Than asked Ko Soe if he liked mangoes.

         

Eg/3. She said to me , " Can you speak Chinese ? "

          She asked me if I could speak Chinese .

         

Eg/4.  Ma Ma said to me , " Have you done your homework  ? "

          Ma Ma asked me if I had done my homework .

         

Eg/5.  She said ,"Is the teacher here, Mg Mg?"

          She asked Mg Mg if the teacher was there.

 

Eg/6.  Ma Ma said to Lone Ma Lay  , "Are you happy or not ?"

           Ma Ma asked Lone Ma Lay  whether she was happy or not .

          ( or not  ပါလွ်င္   whether သံုးရမည္၊ )

 

Eg /7. Lay Lay  said ,  "What time does  the film begin  ? "

          Lay Lay wanted to know  what time the film began .

         

Eg/8.  "What are you doing ,Mg Mg ?  "  said the teacher.

          The teacher asked Mg Mg what he was doing.

         

Eg/9.  " How did you come , the boy ?" said the old man .

          The old man asked the boy how he had come .

         

Eg/10.          "When will your brother come back home , Mi Mi ? " said the man.

          The man asked Mi Mi when her brother would come back home .

         

3.     ( Requests and  Comands :  Imperative)

        အမိန္႔ေပး -ခိုင္းေစ - ေတာင္းပန္  ၀ါက်  ကဗ်ာ

Imperative  စာေႀကာင္းမွာ ၊                               verb  ကစမယ္ကြာ ၊

verb ရဲ႕ေရွ႕ က to ထည့္ေပါင္း၊                            အဲဒါ အမွတ္ေကာင္း၊

မလုပ္ေကာင္းတာ သတိယွဥ္ ၊                              Don't နဲ႕ စေစခ်င္ ၊

Don't  နဲ႕ စရင္  Don’t ကိုၿဖဳတ္၊                           not  to  ၿမန္ၿမန္လုပ္ ၊

Please  ဆိုရင္ ၿဖဳတ္လိုက္ေပါ့၊                              to ေပါင္းလုိက္ပါေနာ့ ၊

နာမ္စားကိုေတာ့ သတိထား ၊                                အဲဒါအမွားမ်ား၊

သူမ်ားခို္င္းတာ-ေတာင္းဆိုတာ ၊                            ordered ေလးနဲ႕  requested  ပါ၊

said to  ေနရာ told  ကိုေၿပာင္း၊                           အဲဒါ မွတ္ေစေႀကာင္း၊

said to  ေနရာ  ordered  ေၿပာင္း                        အဲဒါ မွတ္ေစေႀကာင္း၊                                

said to ေနရာ  requested  ေၿပာင္း၊                      အဲဒါ မွတ္ေစေႀကာင္း၊

နာမ္စားေၿပာင္းဖုိ႔ လိုေသးတာ ၊                             I ေရွ႕  you  ေနာက္ပါ ၊

အခ်ိန္ ေနရာ သတိထား၊                                     ေၿပာင္းပစ္ရမယ့္ စကားလံုးမ်ား ။

 

( Requests and  Comands :  Imperative)

        အမိန္႔ေပး  - ခိုင္းေစ - -ေတာင္းပန္ ၀ါက်

        ေတာင္းပန္ၿခင္း နွင့္  အ မိန္႔ေပး ပံုစံ တို႔ကိုေၿပာင္းလဲ ၿခင္း 

 

          ဤ ပံုစံ တြင္  စားပါ  eat        သြားပါ  go     လာပါ  come   ထိုင္ပါ sit  စသည့္ ႀကိယာမ်ားကို

စားရန္  to eat      သြားရန္  to go      လာရန္   to come       ထိုင္ရန္  to sit          စသည္တို႔ၿဖင့္  အစားထိုး ေဖာ္ၿပေပးၿခင္း ၿဖစ္ပါသည္။

 

Note :         1.       Imperative စာေႀကာင္းကို    V1   နွင့္စပါသည္။

                    2.       သုိ႔မဟုတ္   Don't   နွင့္ စပါသည္။

                    3.       သုိ႔မဟုတ္   Please  နွင့္ စပါသည္။

                    4.       V1 နွင့္ စထားရင္    to ထည့္ေပါင္းပါ ။

                    5.       Don't  နဲ႕ စရင္    Don't   ကိုၿဖဳတ္ၿပီး   Not  to V1   ဟုေရးလိုက္ပါ၊

                    6.       Please  ေတြ႕လွ်င္ ၿဖဳတ္ပါ ၊  to V1  ေရးပါ၊

 

Note : Requested   /  Ordered     " Don't  V1/  V1 /  Please  V1 -------------"

        said to =    told   / ordered  / requested    +  obj  + to  V1  / not to  V1

 

Eg /1. Ma Ma said to me , " Give me some help , please ."

          Ma Ma told me to give her some help .

         

Eg/2.  Mother said to me,   "Wait here."

          Mother told me to wait there.

         

Eg/3.  "Please open the window ,Kyaw Kyaw ,"said the teacher.

          The teacher told  Kyaw Kyaw to open the window.

         

Eg/4.  He said ,"Be careful ,Zaw  Oo."

          He told  Zaw Oo to be careful.

         

Eg/5.  Su Su said to him,"Don't leave me here alone."

          Su Su told him not to leave  her there alone.

         

Eg/6.  Mg Gyi said to Mu Mu ,  " Stay here till I come back."

          Mg Gyi told Mu Mu to stay there till he came back.

         

Eg/7.  " Don't throw   away these useful things ," said the man to the girl.

          The man told the girl not to throw away those useful things.

         

Eg/8.  The woman said to the robber ," Please spare my  life."

          The woman told the robber to spare her life.

         

Eg/9.  She said to him," Please help."

          She told him to help.

         

Eg/10.          The teacher told us ," Don't talk in class."

          The teacher told us not to talk in class.

 

Eg/11.          The officer said to his  man , " Go out ."

          The officer told his man to go out.

         

Exclamatory (  !  )               

Exclamation  အာေမဋိတ္ ၀ါက် မ်ား ကဗ်ာ

Exclamation    ထို၀ါက် ၊                         အာေမဋိတ္ နဲ႕ စ၊

ၿဖဳတ္ရမွာ လည္း မွတ္ထားပါ ၊                     ေအာက္ပါ တို႔ပါကြာ ၊

1.       ( ! )

          2.       ( What )

          3.       ( How )

          4.       ( Oh! )

          5.       ( Ah ! )

          6.       ( Alas ! )

          7.       ( Bravo )

          8.       ( My God ) 

How ေနရာ မွာ  very  ထည့္၊                     Statement  နဲ႕ ဆင္တူ ရဲ႕ ၊

said   ရဲ႕အစားသံုးရမွာ ။                           exclaimed , remarked   ပါ ၊

အံ့အားသင့္ စြာ ေၿပာကာၿပ ၊                       exclamation   ေခၚတယ္ ဗ် ၊

မွတ္ခ်က္ ခ်ကာ အံ့ႀသၿမဲ ၊                          Adj  နဲ႕  very   တြဲ ၊

နာမ္စားေၿပာင္းလဲ သတိထား ၊                     Reported  Speech   ရဲ့ စည္းကမ္းမ်ား ။

 

 

4.     Exclamatory (  !  )               Exclamation  ( အာေမဋိတ္ ၀ါက် မ်ား )

1.       Direct  Speech  မွ  Indirect Speech သို႔ေၿပာင္းရာတြင္   Statement နွင့္ ဆင္တူသည္၊

2.       Adj  ကို  Very နွင့္ တြဲသံုးေပးပါ၊

3.       How    ေနရာမွာ  Very  ကိုထည့္ပါ ၊

4.       Verb ကို  Present   မွ Past  သုိ႔ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊ Past  ကို  Past Perfect(had V3) သို႔ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊

5.       ၿဖဳတ္ရမည့္ စကားလံုး မ်ားကို မွတ္ထားပါ ၊ ၄င္းတို႔မွာ -

           1.      ( ! )

          2.       ( What )

          3.       ( How )

          4.       ( Oh! )

          5.       ( Ah ! )

          6.       ( Alas ! )

          7.       ( Bravo )

          8.       ( My God )  တို႔ၿဖစ္သည္။

 

6.       said    ကို   Obj မပါ လွ်င္  exclaimed/ remarked  သို႔ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊

          ေၿပာစကားကို   that နွင့္ဆက္ပါ ၊     + Sub + V

7.       said    ကို   Obj  ပါလွ်င္   told သို႔ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ ၊    

          ေၿပာစကားကို   that နွင့္ဆက္ပါ၊  {told +obj +that + Sub + V}

8.       said to   ကို  Obj ပါလွ်င္   told  သို႔ေၿပာင္းေပးပါ၊   

          ေၿပာစကား ကို   that နွင့္ဆက္ပါ ၊  {told + obj +that + Sub + V}

 

Eg /1.          Mg Lay said ,  " Oh ! I've hurt my arm ."

          Mg Lay exclaimed that he had hurt his arm.

         

Eg/ 2.           Thi Thi said to Kyi Kyi , " How pretty your dress is ! "

          Thi Thi told Kyi Kyi that her dress was very pretty .

         

Eg/ 3.           U Moe Kyaw said , "What a beautiful garden it is ! "

          U Moe Kyaw told that it was a very beautiful garden .

         

Eg /4.           Ko Ko said , "How beautiful it is ! " .

          Ko Ko exclaimed that it was very beautiful .

         

Eg /5.           Ma Ma said , "What a good book it is !"

          Ma Ma remarked that it was a good book.

         

Eg /6.                     She said , "What a beautiful park!"

          She exclaimed that the park was very beautiful.

         

Eg /7.           The old man said , " How cold it is !"

          The old man remarked that it was very cold.

         

Eg /8.           "What a stupid fellow you are ! " she remarked angrily .

          She remarked angrily that I was a very  stupid fellow .

         

Eg /9.           He said , "How clever I am ! "

          He excalimed that he was very clever .

         

Eg / 10.        He said , "How beautiful is the rain !'

          He excalimed that the rain was very beautiful.

         

Eg/ 11.         The children said ,  " Alas  ! Our enemy is too strong ."

          The children remarked that  their enemy was too strong .

         

Eg/12.                    Soe Moe said  , " How cruel  of you ! "

          Soe Moe remarked that  it was very cruel of me .

         

Eg /13.         The man said , " My God ! I am ruined ."   ပ်က္စီးသည္၊

          The man exclaimed that  he was ruined .

 

                                                                 ကေလးမ်ားအတြက္  ေမတၱာၿဖင့္

                                                         Diamond ( mamami289@gmail.com)

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