Primary  English  { 8 }   Grammar  &  Poem  for  Kids

Conditionals

        Conditional Sentences.

Conditional  sentences မ်ားတြင္    If Clause  နွင့္  Main Clause ဟူ၍ နွစ္ပုိင္းပါ၀င္သည္ ၊

( 1)    Zero  Coditional

          We use the Zero  Conditional :

          to describe  rules and situations where one event  always follows  the other :

          Conditional  Zero  for something  that is always  true .

          က်ိန္းေသ ၿဖစ္မည့္ ကိစၥမ်ားတြင္ သံုးသည္ ၊ Result  တြင္  will / would  မပါသည္ကုိ သတိၿပဳပါ 

 

Eg/     If you speak some foreign languages , you have better  job opportunities .

Eg/     If students learn a lot , they usually pass exam.

Eg/     If you throw a coin into the well, it sinks to the bottom.

Eg/     If you heat water to 100'C, it boils.

Eg /    If you eat too much , you get fat .

 

          In these sentences             if  =  when

          *The Pattern is :

          If clause                                  Main clause

          If + Present Simple ,                  Present  Simple

 

( 2)    First  Conditional

          We use the First Conditional :

(a )     to talk about possible future events which depend on other  future events :

တစ္စံုတစ္ရာ  ၿပဳလုပ္ ၿဖစ္ပ်က္ လွ်င္ ၊ ယင္း အေပၚမူတည္ ၿပီး -အၿခားအေႀကာင္း အရာတစ္ခု  ၿဖစ္ပ်က္မည္ကုိ ေဖာ္ၿပရန္ အတြက္ အသံုးၿပဳသည္၊

 

Eg /    If you take a job straight  after  school ,you won't get  a chance to study.

Eg/     You will never  lose weight if you don't exercise and  eat fewer calories.

Eg /    If you try hard, you will pass the examination.  

          *The pattern is :

          If  clause                            Main clause

          If  + Present  Simple ,                Will / Won't   + infinitive  without to

* Other  patterns are also possible , especially  using modal verbs :

 Eg/    If you finish your homework  , you can go out on Saturday  night.

 

( b) to give someone advise or an order  , and to make a suggestion or a request :

Eg /    If you travel  by plan , remember  to drink a lot of water .

Eg /    If you're  short of time ,  organize it better .စီစဥ္သည္၊

 

* The pattern  then is :

          If  clause                                   Main  clause

          If  + Present  Simple ,                imperative

 

( 2 )   Unless

        Unless  =  If  + not

In First and Zero  Conditionals , we sometimes  use the conjunction unless  + Present  Simple to talk about  the presnt   and / or  the future  :

Eg /    I  don't lose  weight  unless  I exercise .           = ( You don't lose  weight  if you don't  exercise.)

Eg /    I won't  learn  German  unless  I go to Germany .= ( I won't  learn German if I don't go to Germany.)

Eg /    We'll  go swimming  unless  the sea  is very cold. = ( We'll  go swimming  if the sea  isn't  very cold .)

          After  unless  we cannot  use negative forms.

 

( 3 )   Second  Conditional

          We use the Second Conditional :

( a )    to talk about  imagined , impossible  or unlikely events in the future .

          ယခု မၿဖစ္နိုင္ေသးေသာ ကိစၥ မ်ား ၊ စိတ္ကူးယဥ္ ေဖာ္ၿပခ်က္မ်ား  အတြက္ အသံုးၿပဳသည္၊

 

Eg/     If he studied hard, he would get high marks.

Eg /    If  I got  a good holiday job  I would spend the money on  a new computer .

          ( The event is unlikely , and the  sentence  is about  the future .)

 

( 2 )   to talk about impossible present situations :

Eg /    If  people  were more environment -conscious ,the Earth  wouldn't  be so  polluted .

          ( The situation is impossible to fulfil now , and the sentence refers to the present .)

          * The pattern is :

          If  clause                                    Main  clause

          If  +  Past  Simple   ,                  Would / could / might  + infinitive  without to

 

( 4 )   Third  Conditional :                We use the Third  Conditional :

          to talk  about  unreal  situations  in the past  and to imagine  things that did not happen  :

          အတိတ္ ကာလတြင္  မေဆာင္ရြက္ မိသၿဖင့္  ေနာင္တ စကားဆိုေသာ ၀ါက်မ်ားကို ေရးရာတြင္၄င္း ၊တည္ေဆာက္ရာတြင္ ၄င္း၊ အသံုးၿပဳပါသည္၊ အထူးသၿဖင့္  ယခု တဖန္  မၿဖစ္ နိုင္ေတာ့ေသာ အတိတ္က အေၿခအေနကုိ ေဖာ္ၿပေပးသည့္ အခါတြင္ ဤ conditional ကို သံုးပါသည္။

Eg /    If he had tried hard, he would have passed the exam.

Eg /    If the weather  had been better  ,  we would  have gone  sailing.

          ( The weather  was in fact  bad and  we didn't  go sailing .)

Eg/     I had known  you were ill ,   I would  have phoned  you .

          ( I didn't  know you were ill so I didn't  phone you .)

Eg/     If you had told me you were in a hurry , I could have  given  you a lift .

          ( You didn't  tell me  you were  in a hurry and I didn't  give you  a lift  although  it was possible .)

          * The pattern  is :

          If clause                                     Main clause

          If  + Past  Perfect ,                     Would / could / might  + perfect  infinitive

 

          Note :  မွတ္ရန္ အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္

1.       Conditional  Zero  is used for a rule - something  that  is always true :

( a )    If  he goes out dancing  , he always gets up late.

 

2.       Conditional  -1 is used for a future  situation that is  possible :

( a )    If you like comedies , you' ll  love this film .

 

3.       Conditional  -2 is used for advice , for a future  situation  that is  unlikely to happen or present  situation  that is impossible :

( a )    If  I had  a yacht , I  would  sail around  the Mediterranean.

4.       Conditional -3 is used for unreal  situations  in the past and to imagine  things that did not happen :

( a )    If you had broken the window just now ,  father would have punished  you.

 

  1. Conditional   ဆိုတာ ဘာလဲ

Conditional ဆိုတာ  If  ပါတဲ့ ၀ါက် အပိုင္းေတြကို  ေခၚပါတယ္

          ေရခဲ ကို အပူေပးရင္ ၊ ေရ ၿဖစ္မယ္ ၊

          ခ်မ္းရင္  ေဆာင္ၿခံဳမယ္ ၊

          မီးကို ကိုင္ရင္  ပူမယ္ ၊

          မိုးရြာ ရင္ ေရခ်ိဳးမယ္၊

          ေမေမလာရင္  နို႔စို႔မယ္ ၊

          ေဖေဖ လာရင္ အုန္းသီး ခြဲစားမယ္  ဆိုတာ မ်ိဳးေတြပါ၊

 

          အဓိက ကေတာ့  Conditional  ကို သံုးပိုင္း   ခြဲထားပါတယ္၊

          ဒီ ၀ါက် မ်ိဳးေတြ မွာ   clause  နွစ္ခု ပါပါသည္၊

          If  ပါေသာ  clause ကစည္းကမ္းသတ္မွတ္ေပးပါသည္ ၊ က်န္ clause  က ပင္မ ၿဖစ္ၿပီး ၊ အက်ိဳးဆက္ ကို ေဖာ္ၿပေပးပါသည္၊

 

Type -1        =       တကယ္ ၿဖစ္တဲ့ အလားအလာ -  ၿဖစ္ နိုင္ေသာအနာဂတ္               

                    ( If ----present  ------shall / will ----)     

 

Type -2        =       တကယ္ၿဖစ္နိုင္စရာ မရွိတဲ့ အလားအလာ၊ - မၿဖစ္နိုင္ေသာ ပစၥဳ ပၸန္   

                    ( If ------past ----should / would -----)

 

Type -3        =       တကယ္ မၿဖစ္ခဲ့တာကို တင္စားေၿပာၿခင္း                   

                    ( If ----past perfect ----should / would + have + Past participle)

 

                    Conditional  ကဗ်ာ

1.       က်ိန္းေသၿဖစ္မွာ မွန္သမွ် ၊                Zero မွတ္လိုုက္ႀက ၊

2.       လုပ္မွ ၿဖစ္မယ္ မွတ္ထားကြယ္ ၊         First Conditional 

3.       ယခု ရယ္က မၿဖစ္ေသး၊                   စိတ္ကူးေနတုန္းေလး၊

4.       စိတ္ကူးေလးကို ဘယ္လိုေရး ၊           Second ပံုစံေပး၊

5.       ေနာင္ တ ေလးကို ရင္မွာေပြ႕၊            Third  ပံုစံကုိ ေရးပါေဟ့၊

6.       လက္ေတြ႕ မလုပ္ မၿဖစ္ နုိင္၊             ယခု က်မွ မႈိင္၊

7.       မႈိင္ကာမေန နဲ႕ ႀကိဳးစားစို႔၊                က်က္မွတ္ႀကပါ ဗ်ိဳ ႕ ။

 

                                                                         ကေလးမ်ားအတြက္ ေမတၱာ မ်ားစြာၿဖင့္

                                                                                 Diamond ( mamami289@gmail.com)

 

 

 

Views: 567

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

ကဗ်ာေလးေတြနဲ႔ဆိုေတာ့ ဖတ္မွတ္ပိုလြယ္သြားတယ္ခင္ဗ်ား။ ကေလးမ်ားအတြက္ေက်းဇူးပါ။

တို႔ ေလးေလးစားစား ဖတ္ေနတဲ့ ဆရာသမား က မွတ္ခ်က္ေပးတာ ေက်းဇူးပါ ၊ လူငယ္ေတြက လူႀကီးေတြထက္ ပိုေတာ္တာကို တို႔ကသိပ္သေဘာက်ပါတယ္ တို႔လည္း ေနာက္မက်ခ်င္ဘူး၊ ေက်းဇူးအရမ္းတင္ပါတယ္

RSS

Featured Discussions

© 2019   Created by Myanmar Network.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service