Some people might argue about the fact that English is an international language. They might claim that there are areas such as much of Africa, some of Latin America, parts of Asia and Eastern Europe in which English is not widely used. They keep sticking to their mother tongue, showing little interest in the English language. Besides, some people worry about the use of English as a form of cultural imperialism. There are still many languages widely used by non-native speakers all over the world but are not qualified as the Global language. This being so, it is quite interesting why English has been internationally adopted.
Throughout history, people have been adopting many languages for different purposes. Languages have gone through the same cycle of arising and vanishing from time to time. Interestingly, most languages are observed to have descended from a common ancestor especially the Indo-European languages from which many languages emerged. For me in determining the rise of the English language to have internationally adopted, I believe that it is vital to observe the history and the present perceptive of the language.
If the history of the English language is traced out, it is quite interesting to observe that it has gone through many changes and influences of dominating languages like the Germanic and Romance ones. As a result, many words were brought into English. Over many decades, the English language was adopting many words from French, Latin, and Anglo- Norman. That’s why, the variability of the English can be observed through the difference between Old, Middle and Modern English. These aspects of variability could be one of the driving forces behind English being adopted as the International Language.
From the political aspect, I agree that the British Empire contributed toward the development of the English language as the Global language. In the early 20th century, a quarter of the world was controlled by Britain. At that time, the countries under British colonisation all over the world were solely exposed to the English language. For instance, the introduction of English in India helped maintain British political power. Moreover, the spread of the English language through emigrants was obviously noticed in such self-governing dominions such as Canada, Australia, and New Zealand in Europe.
At the same time the growth of global trade also enhanced the development of the English language whilst a substantial number of words, from different countries from all over the world, could be adopted into English. It is also noted that some new words were created due to the Industrial Revolution and the rise of the technologic society. As a result, the English language possesses a great capacity for expression, leading to its survival through changes. It can be concluded that changes in history were believed to contribute toward the English language to having been adopted internationally.
Moreover, it is true to say that the capacity for expression of thoughts and emotions in the English language also attracts people to use it extensively. As the 21st century becomes an age of progress, we were discovering new things all the time. For researchers and scientists to be able to express their findings precisely worldwide, they would definitely demand an international language medium which has a great potential of capacity for expression. Thus, I believe firmly that such a situation demands English to have been adopted as the International Language.
The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain in the 18th and early 19th century triggering the rapid development in economics and worldwide trade. Since the reign of Queen Victoria,Britain has been regarded as one of the richest countries of the world. It has also been entitled as a pioneer in the economic matters of the international society. This being one of the most vital centres of trade and commerce also should explain why English has been regarded as the Global language.
Another impact of the English language used all over the world lies in its literature, in my opinion. People all over the world love many stories, plays and novels from Britain which outweigh much more in both quality and quantity than those of any other countries in Europe. For instance, it is said that scholars, mostly non-native residents, in the field of English literature, cannot be regarded proficient unless they have read the works of Shakespeare. The popularity of literature has made the English Language to have been a true world language.
The next aspect- degree of complexity should also be discussed as one of the criteria of why English has been adopted as the Global language. People used languages for different purposes: communication, phatic communion, thought and emotions. In this case, people are able to convey messages of any degree of complexity through English in an incredibly efficient way. It is observed that the English language can vary according to the medium in which it takes place. For instance, the register of voice in English can determine the degree of formality.
Another important factor that should not be set aside in the topic of why English has become the World language is the dominance of the United States as a world economic power in the global market. With the development in international trade and commerce, the exporting countries such as China, Japan and European Union have started using English as a medium. The start of economical commerce does stimulate the use of English in non-native countries.
The progress of information technology should also be listed as one of the reasons why English has got a niche in the international society. With the help of new technology such as the Internet, people from all corners of the world are accessible now. The exchange of information is markedly accelerating. There has been an increase of interaction among nations over the last few decades. As a result, English has become a preferred language for such purposes.
In conclusion, it is natural that language has been arising and vanishing from time to time. People have been adopting different kinds of language throughout history as can be seen. Thus, in the future, there are many potential possibilities for the English language. The threat of other languages such as Mandarin in some parts of the world is also noticeable. However, it has been observed that the English language has been battling with different changes throughout history for its position and its dominance over the current world; it will definitely hold its bright future as the International Language.
thank so much for your article
It is really amazing ..Everyone who is learning English need to know that.....Thank u sir .....
It is really inspiring article for those who want to know that how kind English language is to have been come as the International Language.............. Thank You for the article....