Inclusive Public Transportation Study Consultant

Plan International Myanmar

Terms of Reference

Inclusive Public Transportation Study in Yangon For People with Disabilities (PwDs)



Duration/ working days                   : 20 days, from 29 April to 07 June, 2019

Starting Date                       : April 29, 2019

Report to                             : DRR & Resilience Program Manager

Type of Contract                 : Consultancy contract for national consultant/ firm

Closing date for application : 23 April, 2019



Plan is an international child and youth development organization, implementing programmes that promote the realization and fulfilment of children and young people’s rights in both development and humanitarian settings. Plan Myanmar believes that gender equality is central to achieving our vision for change: a world in which all children, both girls and boys, realize their full potential in societies that respect people’s rights and dignity. Plan Myanmar will promote gender equality as an explicit human right and a priority development issue for Myanmar. We will challenge discriminatory cultural norms in Myanmar and show how gender equality supports development.


Since 2012, Plan International Myanmar has been implementing DRR/Resilience related projects in order to ensure that children and their families live in safe communities that can withstand, adapt, and recover from stresses and shock.


As cities continue to grow, the exposure of people's assets to hazards and new forms of risks due to rapid population growth, high density urban environments, combined with inappropriate land-use plans, failure of observing regulations to building standards, inadequate living conditions and basic infrastructure services of the urban poor, poor sanitary condition and solid waste management create daily risks on a small scale. If not well managed, cities can also become generators of new vulnerabilities increasing the risk of disasters.


Perceiving the  cities in Myanmar are increasingly exposed to disasters, Plan International Myanmar has expanded Its Resilience program to the implementation of urban resilience building project in Yangon since 2015 in close collaboration with relevant CSOs, technical institutions and government stakeholders on awareness raising, capacity building, gender risk analysis in urban setting, study towards inclusive public transport system and, small scale disaster risks mitigation support to target communities, communities leaders, CSOs, schools, persons with special needs and institutions.


During a consultation workshop in 2018 with entities that support persons with disabilities (PwDs) such as Mary Chapman School, Myanmar Christian Fellowship of the Blind, EDEN and other government centers, it was suggested to conduct a study on accessibility of public transportation for PwDs particularly on most frequent travel routes and Yangon Bus Transportation (YBS) system. At the crossroads between the issues of road safety and inclusion of persons with disabilities, women and girl, safe mobility is central for guaranteeing their access to economic, social, cultural and political spheres of society, and ability to participate to the life of their community. The study will aim at providing evidence, analyses and recommendations to Plan for more effective implementation of the urban resilience project and for policy makers to better support PWDs.



The primary purpose of this public transportation study is to understand to what extent the current public transportation system is meeting the needs of PwDs, especially girls and young women and ethnic minorities. Through gender lenses, it will seek to understand the challenges and gaps that can be addressed as part of a systematic reform process for PWDs. Other aspects of focus will include: provider competition, gender sensitive customer service, better accessibility, and safety while allowing improved consumer directed choice in regards to public transportation systems and services for PwDs.

The study is aligned with Plan International’s child-centred urban resilience framework and gender transformative roadmap. This study will capture key insights on, but not limited to, the following:

  • Understanding of current and future disaster risks of the PwDs, looking at the special focus on vulnerable group of women and girls in Yangon to inform decision makers to prioritize gender sensitive and inclusive urban resilience efforts.
  • Provide a thorough analysis of existing public transportation system that impact the rights of persons with disabilities (women, girls, men and boys) with regards to safe mobility, accessibility of transport system, and road safety; and the extent to which the services are meeting the needs of PwDs.
  • Develop a report with policy recommendations for inclusive and gender sensitive policy alternatives.
  • Present the findings and recommendations to Plan and other stakeholders.





Completed by


Document review, Modify study proposal design, questionnaires and work plan

 29 April, 2019


Field data collection, Field visits

 03 May, 2019


First draft report

 24 May, 2019


Review and validation of the report

 30 May, 2019


Final report

07 June, 2019


  2. Cover Page
  3. Table of contents
  4. List of Figures
  5. List of Tables
  6. Abbreviations
  7. Glossary
  8. Executive Summary: A brief summary of the report
  9. Introduction
  • Purpose of the study: Brief description of purpose of consultancy
  • Methodology: Brief description of how the consultancy was executed and limitations
  1. Study results
  • Findings overview
  • Analysis
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  1. Appendices
  • Data collection tools
  • List of stakeholders interviewed
  • Audio recordings, transcripts and data set
  • Other quantitative or qualitative data as requested



This assignment is for consultancy task to contract with one national or international for proposal design, planning, field data collection and reporting of the study including engaging with the government and other stakeholders for key informant interview and focus group discussion.

  • Master’s degree in related fields such as transportation management, development studies
  • Strong sectoral knowledge, e.g., gender, support for PWDs, city resilience and transportation systems and in development field
  • Local language skills beyond Burmese highly desirable
  • Minimum 3-5 years of experience in development research in areas similar to this study
  • Experience working and collaborating with diverse sets of stakeholders, such as local NGOs, government officials, local and international staff
  • Excellent skills in writing reports and policy recommendations and delivering presentations
  • Understanding and adherence to Plan International Myanmar’s values and ethics



Interested candidates who meet the above requirements are asked to submit a technical proposal (maximum 8 pages) with an indicative work plan, a detailed budget proposal, a cover letter, a comprehensive CV, one writing sample, and details of at least two referees via e-mail to with the subject line: “  Inclusive Public Transportation Study “.

Reference & background checks will be performed for successful candidates. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. Plan International is an equal opportunity employer and women are encouraged to apply. Plan International Myanmar is an equal opportunity employer committed to the well-being of children together with Gender Equality and does not tolerate child abuse and sexual harassment.


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