Terms of Reference



Title:                                                   Myanmar Situation Analysis

Duty Station:                                     Yangon

Period:                                                October – December 2019

Duration:                                           30 days



Plan International is an independent child rights and humanitarian organization committed to children living a life free of poverty, violence and injustice.  We actively unite children, communities and other people who share our mission to make positive lasting changes in children’s and young people’s lives.  We support children to gain the skills, knowledge and confidence they need to claim their rights to a fulfilling life, today and in the future. We place a specific focus on girls and women, who are most often left behind.  We have been building powerful partnerships for children for more than 75 years, and are now active in more than 70 countries.


Background to Plan Myanmar


Plan International started working in Myanmar in 2008 in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis and established a country office in 2012. The Myanmar Country Office currently works in more than 250 communities across four states and regions. Plan Myanmar programs include Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health and Nutrition (MNCHN); Youth Economic Empowerment (YEE); Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD); Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH); Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Resilience; Child Protection and Peace-Building. A dedicated humanitarian response team works in both rapid onset disasters as well as protracted crisis situations. Through all its programming, PLAN takes a gender sensitive approach, tackles the underlying causes of gender inequality and enables women and girls to become active and thriving members in their communities.


Plan Myanmar is developing a new Country Strategy which will cover the period of July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2025.  It will provide long term strategic direction including the types of programs we will implement, where we will work, how we will work, and who we will work with.  An essential part of the Country Strategy development will be the situation analysis which will:


  1. Cover key aspects of social, political, economic and legal environment that have a major influence on children’s rights and equality for girls including identifying relevant laws, policies, budget allocations, social practice and organizations that have a major influence over these.
  2. Major gaps in children’s rights and equality for girls which are significant, an analysis of their root causes and drivers, and an overview of how they affect specific groups of vulnerable and excluded children.


Plan Myanmar has decided to hire the services of consultant to develop and conduct the Situation Analysis for Plan Myanmar. This Terms of Reference outlines the steps of how the Situation Analysis will be carried out. A more detailed work plan will be developed in conjunction with the consultant.


1.    Purpose and Scope of Work


The main objective of the Situation Analysis is to provide a reliable overview of children's rights with a particular focus on equality for girls in Myanmar that will inform and guide the development of Plan Myanmar’s Country Strategy.


This assignment is to analyse the situation of children, adolescents and girls in Myanmar from a rights and gender equality perspective. The Situation Analysis shall describe rights and areas of equality that are not realized (or are at risk), which children are most affected, how they are affected, and analyse immediate and root causes. The assessment shall also provide historical perspective and highlight emerging trends over the last five years.


Geographical scope


The Situation Analysis will be conducted at the national level primarily based on existing secondary data.  However if there are gaps in the secondary data some  primary data collection in the selected provinces may be required  to gather information from key stakeholders including children, government, and families from sampled communities.  Provinces will be selected based on accessibility, priority needs and geographical spread.


2.    Specific Objectives


The situation analysis shall provide an overview of the current situation of children, and particularly girls, in Myanmar. More specifically it will:

  • Analyse the extent to which children’s and girl’s equality have been realised in Myanmar and the factors enabling this. The analysis should contain the immediate and underlying factors that hinder the realization of children’s and equality of girls of the most marginalized and excluded.
  • Analyse the extent to which duty bearers, key actors and stakeholders are able to protect and fulfil children’s rights and equality for girls, and if possible forecast the likely trend of this in the near future, through review of existing legislation, strategies and polices.
  • Provide macro-level analysis of the political, economic, social, environmental (including climate change predictions) and cultural context of the country, identifying any key factors that may influence Plan’s strategic choices.
  • Analyse the response of government at all levels to local and international civil society organizations, (including potential partners) to identify and address gaps in children’s rights and girl’s equality.
  • Assess recent trends in Government investments for child rights and gender equality, looking at both financial and non-financial resources and considering the implications of this in making strategic choices.
  • Incorporate the voices of a range of children and get a better understanding of what they feel are the greatest violations of their rights and gaps in girls equality. This should include equal representation of voices from male and female children as well as inclusion of children from different ethnic backgrounds and children with disabilities.
  • Identify any opportunities and constraints for international and national NGOs to make a significant contribution to the fulfilment of children’s rights and equality for girls in Thailand over the next five years.


Main Research Questions

Child rights & equality for girls

  • What rights are realized? What rights are not realized? Are any rights at risk?
  • What are girl’s roles, are they valued differently than boys, can they participate and make decisions, and what resources do they have access to?
  • What effect does the situation have on children, and especially girls? Which children are most affected? Are girls impacted differently?
  • Why are these rights, and/or equality not realized? What are the immediate and structural causes?
  • What are the opportunities that can be capitalized upon to advance children’s rights and the equality of girls?


  • Who are the duty bearers - primary and secondary?
  • What is the role of duty bearers? What are they doing/not doing to fulfil their obligations? Do they reinforce gender inequality and if so how? Or do they promote gender justice and how?
  • What are the current institutional arrangements within the government at various levels to discharge the duty of protecting/promoting child rights as well as gender equality?
  • What organizations have a major influence on children’s rights and equality for girls, and their major priorities and interests/power dynamics.
  • What has been the performance of the duty bearers on protecting/promoting child rights and gender equality?
  • Are there any bottlenecks for the duty bearers in protecting/promoting child rights and gender equality? What is preventing them from fulfilling their obligations?
  • How does the government consult children at all levels (national/state/local) while making and reviewing laws, policies and programs that affect their lives? What is the strategy adopted? What institutional mechanisms are in place to ensure child participation, especially girls?


  • How are other organizations (local and international civil society organizations) working towards the realization of children’s rights and equality for girls?
  • Where are the key gaps in the work being done to realize children’s rights and equality for girls?
  • What are the opportunities to collaborate with other likeminded organizations to enhance the impact of Plan Thailand?


  • How have child rights and equality for girls been realized / not realized over time? (Include a brief description of historical trends in achievement or deterioration).
  • What are emerging positive and negative trends in policy and practice that will affect the realization of child rights and equality for girls locally, provincially and nationally?
  • What are anticipated risks (e.g. risk of natural disaster or conflict) that may hinder the fulfilment of child rights and equality for girls and what is being done by the duty bearers to reduce these risks?
  • What has been the progress made in the implementation of National Child and Youth Development Plan 2012-2015? What are its strengths, challenges and what are the strategies undertaken to address it?
  • What is the total amount and percentage of annual state budget under each section of Health, Education, Child Development gender and protection sectors allocated to children?


3.    Methodology

The Situation Analysis will be conducted based on the United Nations Child Rights Convention (UNCRC).  The Situation Analysis will also take into account other human rights instruments, such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women; Optional Protocol to the CRC on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography; Convention on Rights of Person with Disabilities; and the SDGs.


The Situation Analysis process will be organized in three phases.  This is outlined below:


Phase 1: Secondary Data Review

Plan Thailand Situation Analysis coordination team will help in identifying secondary data for review.


Key sources of secondary data include but not limited to:

  • Plan Myanmar’s own data


The consultant will review them with the Country Strategy Country Coordination Team as well as external key informants from UN agencies, INGOs, donors and the Government.


Based on the clustering of information, primary data requirements will be identified. The Consultant will develop and pilot appropriate tools for primary data collection.


Phase 2:  Primary data collection and analysis

Following the desk review, the consultant, in close collaboration with Plan Myanmar, will identify areas for which available secondary data is not sufficient or reliable enough to capture the full extent of the issues involved. This will include a focus on those groups who may be marginalized and excluded, particularly girls.  The consultant will design a data collection and an analysis framework for the study. Teams will be set up to conduct primary data collection in these areas, with tools developed by the consultant, who will also be responsible for orienting the teams and collating and analysing the findings. In selected geographical areas this data will be collected by the Plan Myanmar staff and partners.


Primary data will be collected through consultations with children (girls and boys especially from marginalized groups), parents and caregivers (female and male) staffs and local organizations.


Sampling methodology


The consultant will propose sampling methodology and sample size for primary data collection, interviews and consultations with key stakeholders.



As this research will involve primary research, the ethical standards set out in Plan’s Research Policy and Standards must be followed. The research must ensure: appropriate, safe, non-discriminatory participation; a process of free and un-coerced consent and withdrawal; confidentiality and anonymity of participants.


Phase 3: Validation of analysis

The consultant will bring together and analyze findings from the secondary data review and primary data collection and they will be presented in a validation workshop to confirm that the report provides an accurate basis for developing the strategy. 


Engaging staff


The staff of Plan Myanmar will be grouped as respective Situation Analysis task force and will be involved in the primary data collection. It is important that the process of Situation Analysis will provide opportunities for learning, and bringing the staff up to date on current thinking and research on different aspects of child rights and gender equality that can contribute to the development of a very useful report.



4.    Deliverables from the Consultant 

  • A detailed plan for undertaking the Situation Analysis in line with the methodology broadly defined above.
  • Report on secondary data review, with identified gaps for primary data collection
  • Tools and methodology for the Situation Analysis, including primary data collection tools for children and communities, as well as other stakeholders
  • Orientation to staff (taskforces) on undertaking primary data collection
  • Presentation of primary and secondary data review and draft report for validation
  • Leading the validation workshop
  • Producing a final report of no more than 30 pages without annexes which encapsulates:


  1. Introduction, background, methodology/Situation Analysis process
  2. Country facts (descriptive) important as a background to understanding rights progress:
    • Geography, economy, environment, pollution, climate, demography, security;
    • Treaties ratified: international and regional
    • Nature and status of national legal system/s, political system
  3. Analysis of situation on UNCRC rights
  4. Gender analysis
  5. Analysis of cross-cutting factors and actors
  6. Key factors important to the realization of rights (e.g., governance factors, citizenship, investment in children, disaster preparedness, etc)
  7. Key actors in rights and gender equality, nature of, and relationships between state, civil society and private sectors and role of other key actors
  8. Key barriers to realizing children's rights and gender equality
  9. Analysis of Plan Myanmar Strategies
  10. Opportunities and Challenges
  11. Recommendations to the Country Strategy process
  • References
  • Annexure (Data collection tools, case studies…)


6.    Suggested Time frame

The Situation Analysis ideally will conduct in October – November 2019. The submission of the final report will be determined with the selected consultant.


7.    Management of consultancy

The Situation Analysis consultant shall directly report to the Programme Director. The consultant will work very closely with Programme Managers and other staff as advised by the Country Strategy Development Team in developing approach, design of tools, analysis of data and preparing the final report.



8.    Required Competencies of the Consultants


The consultant should have the following qualifications to effectively conduct the proposed tasks:

  • Advanced Degree in social sciences and/or related field
  • Previous professional experience in the area of child rights, child protection, human rights, rights based approach to programming, preferably experience with preparation of a Child Rights Situation Analysis
  • Previous professional experience and strong knowledge in the area of gender equality.
  • Excellent knowledge of CRC, its principle and human rights standards and practices, international legal  instruments, Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), World Fit for Children (WFFC), and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Very good research capacity in the areas of social sciences, legislation and rights based development
  • Ability to design or recognize effective tools to use, as well as orient others on their use
  • Ability to synthesize large amounts of information combining quantitative and qualitative data
  • Excellent knowledge on and understanding of the roles and functions of civil society in various fields
  • Knowledge of Myanmar context and good cooperation with and experience in working with the Government and International organizations are required
  • Excellent written English
  • Myanmar language competency


  1. Submission procedure:

Interested consultants or firms should submit proposals to Plan Myanmar via email before close of business by 21 October 2019. The application should include a cover letter, detailed methodology, draft work plan (including dates for sub mission of the first draft and final report), estimated budget (including number of work days and rate), CVs of those involved in the study and two references to: Myanmar.CO@plan-international.org


Subject Line: “Situation Analysis Consultant:”  


Reference & background checks will be performed for successful candidates. Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted. Plan International is an equal opportunity employer and women are encouraged to apply. Plan International Myanmar is an equal opportunity employer committed to the well-being of children together with Gender Equality and does not tolerate child abuse and sexual harassment. All Plan International Myanmar Staffs are required to sign and adhere with Plan’s Safeguarding Policy at all times.


Ethics: Consultants must provide a statement within their proposal on how they will ensure ethics and child protection in the research process. This should also include consideration of any risks related to the research and how these will be mitigated. 


Child Protection: Throughout the process, compliance with Plan’s Child Protection Policy and standards must be assured.



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